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Welcome To The Insighter!

Explore the latest happenings at Kirtland FCU and learn about important topics from around the financial world. Here’s your insight!
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All Posts > Personal Finance

Personal Finance

It’s challenging enough to make a paycheck last when it comes on a regular basis – but what happens when you have to take mandatory time-off or a reduction in hours, or are paid for some months out of the year but not others? With planning and a careful look at your finances, you can survive the times when the checks are on hold but the expenses march on.

What to do today
Not having enough money to pay for life’s necessities can be pretty scary, but there are a few things you can do to get you through this time with minimal hardship.

Your first task is to take a look at your monthly expenses and prioritize them. Decide what you need to pay for and what you can, at least for now, let go. Housing, food, transportation, and insurance should take top priority. Dining out, clothes, and entertainment may need to be sacrificed for the time being. Remember, this isn’t forever, when the cash is flowing again, they can be resumed.

For those items you need, you may be able to pay less than you’re currently paying by downgrading. A smartphone with an unlimited data plan, for example, costs a lot more than a pre-paid basic phone plan. And if you can reduce daily driving by working from home, carpooling, or shopping once every couple weeks rather than every day, you can reduce your gas bill. Shop around for a better rate on your insurance to reduce monthly bills, and consider how your home lifestyle affects your utility bills. Can you shut off lights more regularly, lower the thermostat, and avoid running laundry or the dishwasher unless it’s full? Every little bit helps.

When shopping, consider every purchase. Ask yourself if you really need it, and if you do, can it wait a while, or can you get it for less somewhere else. Getting in the habit of asking yourself these questions will help you become a savvy shopper in both good and bad times. This will also help you avoid relying on credit cards during this difficult period. It might be hard, but you will be so much happier when that next paycheck comes in and it is not promised to high- interest debt.

If you have credit card payments, and you simply don’t have the money, contact your creditors immediately. You may be eligible for special programs that will keep your accounts in good standing. Waiting until you are behind will not only increase your balance because of hiked up interest rates and fees, but will damage your credit as well.
  • If you really need to scare up some funds, consider every option:
  • Sell assets, from a garage sale to unloading securities (just beware capital gains taxes for next year).
  • Obtain temporary employment elsewhere.
  • If you have children who work, ask them to contribute to the household budget.
  • Make and sell things if you have a creative streak.
  • Ask a friend or family member for a loan. Chances are they won’t charge any or much interest, but be careful – these sorts of arrangements have damaged many a relationship.
  • Borrow from your retirement account or cash value life insurance plan. Be aware, though, that you are borrowing from an asset accumulated for a specific purpose. These come with their own set of problems if you can’t pay them back.

There are other sources of funds available, but beware: they may not be in your best interest in the long run.
  • Credit card cash advances – There is often an origination fee to take out cash from a credit card, and interest not only begins to accumulate immediately, but is often higher than for purchases.
  • Home equity loans or lines of credit – The equity in your home might be money that is readily available for you to borrow, however, if you can’t repay the loan, you put your home in danger of foreclosure.
  • Car note loans – These loans work by a borrower exchanging the title and set of keys for a loan based on the vehicle’s value. Interest rates range from 30 to 120 percent, and if a single payment is missed, the car can be repossessed.
  • High interest unsecured loans – Usually lent in increments of $5,000 or $10,000, interest rates for this new breed of high-risk, unsecured loans can be as much as 47 percent.
  • Payday loans – Borrowing against future income can seem like a great short-term solution, but with average annual interest rates ranging from 390% to 871%, payday loans are no bargain.
  
Planning for Next Time
So what do you do to prevent a scramble for cash next time around? Sometimes, as many Americans are experiencing right now, a reduction in income is unplanned due to lay-offs or other events that prevent work. If you do have a heads up you’ll be facing reductions, mark the date on your calendar, so it doesn’t come as a surprise.
  
Either way, the money you get today will have to be stretched to cover those times when there will be nothing (or less than normal) coming in. Resist the urge to spend it all each month. Develop a detailed budget to know what your monthly expenses are, and then prorate your income:
  
Example: Your monthly expenses total $2,000. You don’t get paid for two months out of the year, so will have to have $4,000 ($2,000 x 2 = $4,000) set aside for those non-income earning months. For each of the ten months that you do receive a paycheck, you’ll have to set aside $400 ($4,000/10 = $400) to cover the time you won’t get paid.
  
Once you know how much you will need to sock away, have the sum deducted monthly from your checking account and automatically deposited into a savings account.

Since you know you will be needing at least some of the money in a relatively short time frame, make sure you have the portion you need in an account that is easily accessible and penalty free (such as a savings account or money market account.)

Careful planning is the key to surviving a time when a paycheck is less than normal or intermittent. By doing so, you’ll avoid that dreadful feeling when the lean times are on your doorstep – and your account is bare.

For unplanned reduction in income, having a robust savings and a low amount of debt will serve you well. Add a portion of your income to a savings account each paycheck, and pay it as if it were another bill coming due. Also, resist opening new credit cards, maxing out existing credit, and taking new loans if it can be avoided. If you do make a large purchase, such as a car or mortgage, you may have the opportunity to purchase insurance that would cover you in the event of a job loss.

Plan while you can. Cut where you need to. And you have a better chance of coming out of your financial triage with a healthy outlook.

Credit Personal Finance


Six ways to improve your credit score real quick

If you find that your credit card and loans are not getting approved then you need to make sure that you improve your credit score if the reason for rejection is a low credit score. Credit score is the first thing that is checked when a financial institution approves a loan for a new car, land, new home or even a personal loan. In case you want to improve your credit score, it is not going to happen overnight. Improving the credit score is a long process which involves a lot of smart work from your end. Experienced Bankruptcy and Debt Relief Lawyer Mr. Brian Linnekens share some important tips which will help you to improve your credit score quickly and start afresh in terms of your credit health.

Study your dispute errors–
When you start working to improve your credit score, your first step is to study your dispute credit errors. You need to ask for a copy of your credit report from credit bureaus, be sure to look it over for errors. After knowing your credit errors you need to clear them. Seek help from professionals who will work with you on your dispute and help you correct the errors on your credit report.

Credit score generally look like this:
  • Excellent Credit Score – 750+
  • Good Credit Score – 700-749
  • Fair Credit Score – 650-699
  • Poor Credit Score – 600-649
  • Bad Credit Score – below 600

Don’t close your old credit accounts –
It is important to know, don’t close your old credit accounts even if you don’t use them anymore. If you already have credit cards, it will help you to improve your credit score. Try to pay your debts so that your score can be improved.

Get a new credit card –
If you want an improvement in your credit score try and get a new credit card. After getting a new card, if you are planning for a major purchase with your card go for it however make sure that you pay your bills on time. If you pay your bills and loan timely it will help you to increase your credit score.

Don’t make old mistakes and pay bills on time –
Do not make the same mistakes when you start new. Try not to be days past due the due date of clearing your credit card, loan or mortgage installment. Your small mistakes can damage your credit and hurt your credit score. So it is important to pay your loans and bills timely.

Contact an experienced Debt Relief Lawyer –
If you’re trying everything to improve your credit score but you still are not able to improve and you don’t know the way to improve your credit score then you need to consider consulting an experienced debt relief lawyer. A debt relief lawyer will provide you the best advice which is will help you improve your credit score.

Make a plan to improve your credit score –
Planning to do anything is pertinent. You need to plan to improve your credit score. To improve your credit score make a plan, ideally after consulting your debt relief attorney. Your plan needs to involve paying your debts and not closing your unused credit cards because this is a quick fix strategy to improve your credit score.

Personal Finance

“Just write it off.”

“Go ahead and deduct it.”

“I think there’s a tax credit for that.”

Although you might have heard or even uttered one of the sentences above, have you ever wondered or sought to understand its true meaning? While both tax deductions and tax credits can save you a significant amount of money on your taxes, they work in significantly different ways.

What is a Tax Deduction?
A tax deduction is a result of a tax-deductible expense or exemption which reduces your taxable income. A common tax deduction on your federal income tax return is the standard deduction. An example of how this works: If your income was $50,000 your standard deduction (if single or married filing separately) would reduce your taxable income by the 2018 standard deduction of $12,000 so your taxable income would now be $38,000.

What is a Tax Credit?
Unlike tax deductions, tax credits are subtracted from your tax liability (not taxable income). A common tax credit is the child tax credit. If you have a qualifying child, you can take a credit of up to $2,000 per child against your tax liability in 2018. If besides the child tax credit, you would otherwise have a total federal income tax liability of $3,500, child tax credit for one child would reduce that tax liability to $1,500.

Is a Tax Deduction Better Than a Tax Credit? Is a Tax Credit Better Than a Tax Deduction?
If you were ever faced with a hypothetical choice between a $100 tax deduction and a $100 tax credit, you would want the credit. Unlike a tax deduction, a $100 tax credit reduces your tax dollar-for-dollar ($100). On the other hand, a tax deduction reduces your taxable income by $100. The resulting amount of tax you save depends on your marginal tax bracket (in everyday language: your tax bracket). If you are in the 24% tax bracket in 2018, a $100 tax deduction reduces your taxes by $24.

Just about everyone qualifies for the standard deduction. Although based on your filing status (e.g., single, married filing jointly, married filing separately, or head of household), all people with the same filing status receive the same standard deduction amount (the only exceptions are for the elderly, disabled, or blind – they receive a somewhat higher standard deduction).

By contrast, itemized deductions are numerous and their amounts vary by individual. Common itemized deductions include:
  • Certain medical and dental expenses above 7.5% of your adjusted gross income
  • State income taxes
  • State sales and local tax
  • Property taxes
  • Charitable contributions
  • Mortgage interest
There’s a bit of a hitch with itemized deductions, however. You can only benefit from itemized deductions to the extent they exceed your standard deduction ($12,000 if you are single and $24,000 if married filing jointly in 2018). Said another way, each taxpayer is permitted to take the higher of their standard or itemized deductions – but not both.

Say you are married and filing jointly. In such a case, your standard deduction is $24,000. Let’s further say the total of your itemized deductions is $25,000. Since your itemized deductions exceed your standard deduction by $1000, you take the itemized deduction. That’s why it pays to remember additional deductible expenses that may bump you up over the standard deduction and leave you open to additional tax deductions, like charitable contributions.

On the other hand, had your itemized deductions totaled any amount less than the standard deduction you qualify for, you wouldn't bother taking the itemized deduction – you’d just take the standard.

Whether an expense qualifies for an income tax deduction or tax credit, be sure to take maximum advantage – both lower the taxes you’ll pay. Don’t worry about trying to figure out which ones you should take or if you should itemize or take the standard deduction. TurboTax will ask you simple questions about you and give you the tax deductions and credits you are eligible for based on your answers. TurboTax will also choose the option (standard deduction or itemized deductions) that you are eligible for and gives you the biggest tax refund.

If you still have questions, you can connect live via one-way video to a TurboTax Live CPA or Enrolled Agent to get your tax questions answered. A TurboTax Live CPA can even review, sign, and file your tax return.

When are you filing your taxes? Have you taken advantage of any tax deductions or credits yet?

All Kirtland FCU members get special discounts with TurboTax products, just for being members.

GET STARTED TODAY!
 

Credit Personal Finance


A $2,000 balance on your credit card—how did that happen? (Oh yes, dinner at Chez Fifi, new tires, school clothes for the kids…) Thankfully the minimum payment is only $35. You can afford that!

Stop! Before you write that check or make the payment online, consider this: if you make only the requested payments on that debt, your toddler will be entering high school before the balance is zero. At an annual percentage rate of 17.00% APR (the current average according to Creditcards.com), it would take almost 10 years to pay off, with an ultimate payout of a whopping $4,125.

Instead, disregard the requested payment on your statement and use the “consistent payment method” steps.
  1. Determine a realistic and fixed amount you can pay each month.
  2. Declare a moratorium on using the card until the balance is repaid.
  3. Pay more when you can—but never pay less than your preset amount.
If you can manage $80 every month, you will repay the debt in less than 3 years with a final payout of $2,486. Increase the payment to $100 and the payoff time drops to 2 years with a final payout of $2,368.

Also, consider a balance transfer to a lower interest rate credit card like the Independence Credit Card from Kirtland FCU. The Independence Credit Card offers low rates and no balance transfer or annual fees. 


SEE HOW MUCH YOU COULD SAVE

 
*APR = Annual Percentage Rate. Rates effective the first of each month and are subject to change at any time without notice. Annual percentage rate is based on credit history and other factors. The Kirtland FCU Visa Platinum Credit Card has a variable interest rate which is indexed to the Prime Rate and tiered based on credit-worthiness criteria.
 

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